English-Spanish/Spanish-English Glossary of the Most Common Cooking Terms | July 2014 | Translation Journal

July 2014 Issue

Read, Comment and Enjoy!

Join Translation Journal

To receive regular updates,
fill in your details below.
You will also receive a PDF listing
8 Ways to Ignite your Translation Career.
Join now. 

English-Spanish/Spanish-English Glossary of the Most Common Cooking Terms

Most Common Cooking Terms

Abstract
This article attempts to highlight the importance of the language of gastronomy, which has developed at the same rate as the creativity of cooks worldwide, as much in traditional cooking as in haute cuisine.

Indeed, when translators undertake any project, they must be conscious of the particular difficulties involved and, because of them, should be familiar with the text’s typology. Recipes consist of iconic and textual language. They are customarily composed of two main parts: the ingredients of the recipe and the steps involved in making the dish. Among their terminology, we find many components, such as ingredients, utensils, numerous foreign words and cooking techniques. This is why we offer this bilingual glossary (English-Spanish, Spanish-English), which includes the most common useful cooking terms for translators, interpreters, philologists, terminologists and linguists interested in culinary language.

Resumen
El presente artículo pretende poner de relevancia la importancia del lenguaje gastronómico, que ha ido desarrollándose y evolucionando al mismo ritmo que la creatividad de cocineros de todo el mundo tanto en la cocina tradicional como en alta cocina. De hecho, cuando los traductores se embarcan en tan grande empresa, deben ser conscientes de sus dificultades y para ello, deben conocer esa tipología textual. Las recetas de cocina se componen de lenguaje icónico y textual. Suelen estar compuestas de dos grandes apartados: los ingredientes y los pasos en los que se desarrolla la realización del plato. En su terminología, encontramos tanto medidas, como ingredientes, utensilios, numerosos extranjerismos y técnicas de cocina. Por ello, presentamos un glosario bilingüe (ingles-español, español-inglés) en el que se recogen los términos más frecuentes en la comunicación gastronómica, con el fin de que sea de utilidad a traductores, intérpretes, filólogos, terminólogos y lingüistas que estén interesados por el lenguaje culinario.

English-Spanish Glossary of the Most Common Cooking Terms

A

 

add [to]

añadir

al dente

en su punto, al dente

all purpose / all-purpose

multiuso

all purpose flour

harina de trigo (común)

almond

almendra

anise(ed)

anís

anoint [to]

untar

appetizer

aperitivo

apple

manzana

apricot

albaricoque

arrange [to]

arreglar, ordenar

artichoke

alcachofa

asparagus

espárrago

au gratin

gratinado

avocado

aguacate

   

B

 

bake [to]

hornear

baking powder

levadura en polvo

banana

plátano, banana

basil

albahaca

batch

hornada, tanda

batter

masa

batter [to]

empanar, rebozar

bay leaf

laurel

bean

habichuela, judía

beat [to]

batir

beaten

batido

beater

batidor

beef

ternera

beer

cerveza

beet

remolacha

bell pepper

pimentón

berry

baya

black cherry

picota

black currant

casis

blackberry

mora

blend [to]

mezclar

blender

licuadora

blood sausage

morcilla

blueberry

arándano

boil [to]

hervir

bone [to]

deshuesar

boneless

deshuesado, sin espinas [pescado]

bread

pan

breadcrumbs

pan rallado, migas, migajas

breaded

empanado

break [to]

romper

bream

besugo

breast

pechuga

broad bean

haba

broccoli

brócoli, brécol

broth

caldo

broth

caldo

brown [to]

dorar

brown beer

cerveza negra

brown rice

arroz integral

brown sugar

azúcar Moreno

Brunoise cut

corte a la Brunoise

Brunoise cut [to]

cortar a la Brunoise

bunch

ramillete, racimo

burn [to]

quemar(se)

burnt (UK) / burned (US)

quemado

butter

mantequilla, manteca

   

C

 

cabbage

repollo

cacao

cacao

cake

tarta

calamari

calamar

camomile tea (UK)

manzanilla [infusión]

can

lata

cap

tapadera

caper

alcaparra

carrot

zanahoria

cashew

anacardo

casserole

cazuela, guisado

casserole pot

cazuela, cacerola

cauliflower

coliflor

celery

apio

chamomile tea (US)

manzanilla [infusión]

champignon

champiñón

chard

acelga

Cheddar (cheese)

queso Cheddar

cheese

queso

cherry

cereza

cherry tomato

tomate cherry

chestnut

castaña

chicken

pollo

chickpea

garbanzo

chill [to]

enfriar

chilli

chile

china

cerámica

chinois (strainer)

chino [colador]

chip

viruta

chips

patatas fritas [envasadas]

chive

cebolleta

chocolate

chocolate

chop

chuleta

chop [to]

picar, trocear, cortar

chopped

picado, troceado, cortado (en trozos pequeños)

chorizo

chorizo

chunk

pedazo, trozo

cinnamon

canela

clam

almeja

clay pot

cazuela de barro

clove

clavo // diente

clove of garlic

diente de ajo

cockle

berberecho

coconut

coco

cod

bacalao

coffee

café

Coke

Coca Cola

colander

colador

cold

frío

cold meat (UK) / cold cuts (US)

embutido

conical sieve/strainer

chino [colador]

connoisseur

entendido

cook au gratin [to]

gratinar

cooking pot

cazuela, olla

coriander

cilandro

corn

cereal, maíz

cornflour (UK)

maicena

cornstarch (US)

maicena

cottage cheese

requesón

courgette (UK)

calabacín

crab

cangrejo

cranberry

arándano

crème brûlée

crème brûlée, tarta de yema quemada

crust

corteza

cucumber

pepino

cumin

comino

cup

taza // copa

cupcake

cupcake, magdalena

curdle [to]

cuajar, cortar

currant

grosella, pasa

curry

curry

custard

natilla

custard apple

chirimoya

cut in thick slices

cortar en rebanadas gruesas

cut in thin slices

cortar en rebanadas finas

cut into cubes [to]

cortar en/a dados

cuttlefish

sepia, jibia, choco, pota

D

 

date

dátil

decorate [to]

decorar

defrost [to]

descongelar

dessert

postre

dessert wine

vino dulce

detach [to]

separar, quitar

dice [to]

cortar en/a dados

digestive

digestivo

Dijon mustard

mostaza de Dijon

dill

eneldo

dilute [to]

diluir

dish

plato

dissolve [to]

disolver

double boiler

baño María

dough

masa

drain [to]

escurrir

dredge [to]

introducir

dressing

aliño, aderezo

dribble [to]

echar unas gotas

dried ground

seco y molido

drumstick

muslo

dry [to]

secar

dye

colorante

 

 

E

 

eel

anguila

egg

huevo

egg white

clara

egg yolk

yema

eggplant

berenjena

empty [to]

vaciar

envelope

sobre

 

 

F

 

fennel

hinojo

fig

higo

fill [to]

rellenar

fillet

escalopín [de carne], filete [de pescado]

fillet steak

filete [de carne]

filling

relleno

filo pastry

pasta filo

fisherman style

a la marinera

fist

puño

fizzy

gaseoso

flake

copo

flatten [to]

aplanar

flax

linaza

flip [to]

dar la vuelta

flour

harina

flour [to]

enharinar

fluffy

esponjoso

foam

hacer espuma

foamy

espumoso

fold [to]

plegar, doblar

fondant

fondant

food container

recipiente de comida

food processor

robot de cocina

forcemeat

relleno

freeze [to]

congelar

french fries

patatas fritas [caseras]

fresh

fresco

fried

frito

fried food

fritura

fried-fish shop

freiduría de pescado

froth

caldo

fry [to]

freir

fry lightly [to]

rehogar

frying pan

sartén

 

 

G

 

garbanzo

garbanzo

garlic

ajo

garnish

adorner, aderezar // guarnición

gas torch

soplete de gas

gelatin

gelatina [ingrediente]

gherkin

pepinillo

gin

ginebra

ginger

jengibre

glass

vaso // cristal

glaze [to]

glasear

glazed

glaseado

gluten

gluten

gluten free

sin gluten

gnocchi

ñoqui(s)

goat cheese

queso de cabra

Gouda (cheese)

queso Gouda

gourmet

gourmet

grape

uva

grapefruit

pomelo

grate [to]

rallar

grated cheese

queso rallado

gravy

caldo o jugo de carne // salsa espesa

grease [to]

engrasar

green onion

cebolleta

grill [to]

asar (a la parrilla)

grilled

a la parrilla

grind [to]

moler

grinded

molido

ground

picado, molido

ground meat

carne picada

 

 

H

 

hake

merluza

halibut

mero

halve [to]

partir por la mitad/en dos

ham

jamón (cocido)

hamburger

hamburguesa

hard-boiled egg

huevo duro

hazelnut

avellana

heat [to]

calentar

herb

hierba

hot

caliente

hot dog

perrito caliente

hot pepper

chile picante

 

 

I

 

infusion

infusión

 

 

J

 

jam

mermelada

Jell-O or Jello

gelatina [postre]

juice

zumo (de frutas), jugo

Julienne cut

corte en Juliana

Julienne cut [to]

cortar en Juliana

juniper

enebro

 

 

K

 

ketchup

ketchup

kidneys

riñones

king shrimp/prawn

langostino

kingklip

rosada [pescado]

kitchen roll

papel de cocina

knead [to]

amasar

 

 

L

 

ladle

cucharón, cazo

lamb

cordero

lasagne

lasaña

lean

magro

leavening

levadura

leek

puerro

lemon

limón

lemonade

limonada

lentil

lenteja

lettuce

lechuga

lid

tapa(dera)

light

light, ligero, bajo en grasas

lime

lima

linseed

linaza

liqueur

licor

liquid

líquido

liver

hígado

lobster

bogavante, langosta

loin

lomo

lovage

levístico

lupin

altramuz

 

 

M

 

macaroni

marrones

Macedoine cut

corte a la Macedonia

Macedoine cut [to]

cortar a la Macedonia

mackerel

caballa

main course

plato principal

mango

mango

manioc

yuca

marinade

adobo, escabeche

marinate [to]

adobar, marinar

marrow

tuétano, calabacín grande

mashed

molido

mashed potatoes

puré de patatas

mayonnaise

mayonesa

meat trimming

guarnición de carne

meatball

albóndiga

medlar

níspero

melon

melón

melt [to]

fundir, derretir

meringue

merengue

microwave

microhondas

milkshake

batido

mince [to]

picar

minced

picado, molido, triturado

mincer

picadora

mint

menta

mint tea

menta poleo

mold (UK) / mould (US)

molde

mold [to] (UK) / mould [to] (US)

moldear

mulled wine

vino caliente

mushroom

champiñón

mussel

mejillón

mustard

mostaza

 

 

N

 

napkin (US)

servilleta de papel

nectarine

nectarina

non-alcoholic

sin alcohol

noodles

fideos

nugget

pepita

nut

fruto seco

nutmeg

nuez moscada

 

 

O

 

oat

avena

oat flake

copo de avena

octopus

pulpo

oil

aceite

oily fish

pescado azul

olive oil

aceite de oliva

omelette

tortilla

onion

cebolla

orach

armuelle

orange

naranja

oregano

orégano

ounce

onza

oven

horno

oyster

ostra

 

 

P

 

pan

sartén, cacerola, olla

paprika

pimentón (dulce)

parsley

perejil

passed tomatoes

jugo de tomates

pasta

pasta

pastry bag

manga pastelera

pastry flour

harina de repostería

pastry ring

aro de repostería

pea

guisante

peach

melocotón

peak [until it forms peaks]

a punto de nieve

peanut

cacahuete

pear

pera

peasant

campesino

peel [to]

pelar

pepper

pimienta // pimiento

pepper berries

granos de pimienta

phyllo pastry

pasta filo

pickle

encurtido

pickled

en vinagre, en escabeche

piece

trozo, pedazo

pineapple

piña

pit

hueso (de fruta)

pizza

pizza

plastic

plástico

plate

plato

plate [to]

emplatar

plated

emplatado

platter

fuente

plum

ciruela

poach [to]

pochar, escalfar, cocer, hervir

poached

escalfado, hervido, cocido en agua

pomegranate

granada [fruta]

pork

cerdo

pork chop

chuleta de cerdo

pot

olla

potato

patata

pound [to]

machacar, majar

pour [to]

verter

powdered

en polvo

prawn

gamba

preheat [to]

precalentar

press [to]

exprimir

pudding

pudin

pumpkin

calabaza

put [to]

poner, colocar

 

 

Q

 

quail

codorniz

quail egg

huevo de codorniz       

quince

membrillo

quince jelly

membrillo

 

 

R

 

radicchio

achicoria (roja)

radish

rábano

raisin

pasa

raspberry

frambuesa

ravioli

raviolis

raw

crudo

red cabbage

col lombarda

red wine

vino tinto

remove [to]

quitar, sacar, retirar

remove from heat [to]

apartar, retirar del fuego

ribs

costillas

rice

arroz

ricotta

requesón

rinse [to]

enjuagar

ripe

maduro

roast [to]

asar

roastbeef

rosbif

roasted

asado/a

rocket

rúcula

rocket leaves

hojas de rúcula

roll out [to]

estirar (con rodillo)

rolling pin

rodillo

Rosemary

romero

rosy

sonrosado

roulade

rollo

rum

ron

rye

centeno

 

 

S

 

saccharine

sacarina

saffron

azafrán

sage

salvia

salad

ensalada

salami

salami

salmon

salmón

salt

sal

salty

salado

sardine

sardina

sauce

salsa

sauerkraut

chucrut

sausage

salchicha

sauté

saltear

savoury

ajedrea

scallop

vieira

scoop out [to]

sacar, extraer, vaciar

scramble [to]

mezclar

scrambled

revuelto

scrape [to]

raspar, rallar

sea salt

sal marina

seal [to]

sellar

season [to]

condimentar, aliñar, aderezar

seasoning

aderezo

seed

semilla

seethe [to]

hervir

semi-skimmed

semidesnatado/a

Serrano ham

jamón serrano

serve [to]

servir

serviette (UK)

servilleta de papel

sesame

sésamo

shake [to]

agitar, mover

shark

tiburón

shellfish

marisco

shrimp

camarón, gamba

sieve

tamiz, colador

sieve [to]

tamizar, colar

simmer [to]

hervir

skewer

pincho, brocheta

skimmed

desnatado/a

slice

rebanada, rodaja, loncha

sliced

en rodajas

sloop [to]

vaciar, escurrir

smell

aroma, olor

snack

tentempié

snack [to]

picar, picotear [entre comidas]

snail

caracol

snake

serpiente

soak [to]

remojar

sole

lenguado

sorrel

acedera

soup

sopa

sour

agrio

soy

soja

spaghetti

espagueti

spice

especia

spicy potatoes

patatas bravas

spicy sausage

chorizo

spider crab

centolla

spinach

espinaca

split up [to]

separar, dividir

spoiled

estropeado, en mal estado

spoon

cuchara

spread [to]

untar, extender

sprig

ramita

spring onion

cebolla de verdeo

sprinkle [to]

rociar, espolvorear

squeeze [to]

exprimir

squid

calamar

stalk

tallo

starch

almidón

steak

bistec, filete

steamed

[al] vapor

steamer

vaporera

steel

acero

stem

tallo

stew

guisado, cocido, estofado, guiso

stew [to]

guisar, estofar, cocer, cocinar a fuego lento

still

sin gas

stir [to]

mover, remover

strain [to]

colar

strawberry

fresa

stream

chorro

stuff [to]

rellenar

sturgeon

esturión

sugar

azúcar

sumac

zumaque

sushi

sushi

sweet

dulce

sweet potatoes

batatas

sweeten [to]

edulcorar

sweetener

edulcorante

swordfish

pez espada, emperador

syrup

sirope, almíbar

 

 

T

 

tablecloth

mantel

tablespoon

cucharada

tagliatelle

tallarines

tangerine

mandarina

tarragon

estragón

tartar

tártaro

taste buds

papilas gustativas

tasty

sabroso

tear [to]

romper

teaspoon

cucharadita

tempura

tempura

tenderloin

solomillo, filete, lomo

thicken [to]

espesar

thigh

muslo

thyme

tomillo

toffee

caramelo

tofu

tofu

tomato

tomate

tongue

lengua

top [to]

poner por encima

topping

aderezo [postres], cubierta

touch

toque

tray

bandeja

tripe

tripas

trout

trucha

truffle

trufa

tuna

atún

turkey

pavo

turmeric

cúrcuma

turnip

nabo

turret

torrecilla

 

 

U

 

undercooked

poco hecho

underdone

poco hecho

unmold [to]

desmoldar

 

 

V

 

vanilla

vainilla

vegetable marrow

calabacín

vegetables

verduras

vine leaf

hoja de parra

vinegar

vinagre

 

 

W

 

walnut

nuez

warm

templado

waste [to]

desperdiciar

watercress

berro

watermelon

sandía

well done

bien hecho/a

whip [to]

batir, montar

whipped cream

nata montada

whisk [to]

batir

white fish

pescado blanco

white wine

vino blanco

whole

entero/a

whole milk

leche entera

whole-wheat

integral

wring out [to]

escurrir

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Y

 

yeast

levadura

yogurt/yoghurt

yogur

yolk

yema

 

 

Z

 

zucchini (US)

calabacín

zest

cáscara, piel

Spanish-English Glossary of the Most Common Cooking Terms

A

 

[al] vapor

steamed

a la marinera

fisherman style

a la parrilla

grilled

a punto de nieve

peak [until it forms peaks]

acedera

sorrel

aceite

oil

aceite de oliva

olive oil

acelga

chard

acero

steel

achicoria

radicchio

aderezo

seasoning

aderezo [postres]

topping

adobar

marinate [to]

adobo [escabeche]

marinade

agitar [mover]

shake [to]

agrio

sour

aguacate

avocado

ajedrea

savoury

ajo

garlic

albahaca

basil

albaricoque

apricot

albóndiga

meatball

alcachofa

artichoke

alcaparra

caper

aliño [aderezo]

dressing

almeja

clam

almendra

almond

almidón

starch

altramuz

lupin

amasar

knead [to]

anacardo

cashew

añadir

add [to]

anguila

eel

anís

anise(ed)

apartar [retirar del fuego]

remove from heat [to]

aperitivo

appetizer

apio

celery

aplanar

flatten [to]

arándano

blueberry, cranberry

armuelle

orach

aro de repostería

pastry ring

aroma [olor]

smell

arreglar [ordenar]

arrange [to]

arroz

rice

arroz integral

brown rice

asado/a

roasted

asar

roast [to]

asar (a la parrilla)

grill [to]

atún

tuna

avellana

hazelnut

avena

oat

azafrán

saffron

azúcar

sugar

azúcar moreno

brown sugar

 

 

B

 

bacalao

cod

bandeja

tray

baño María

double boiler

batatas

sweet potatoes

batido

beaten

batido [de leche]

milkshake

batidor

beater

batir

whisk [to], beat [to]

baya

berry

berberecho

cockle

berenjena

eggplant

berro

watercress

besugo

bream

bien hecho/a

well done

bistec [filete]

steak

bogavante [langosta]

lobster

broccoli [brécol]

broccoli

 

 

C

 

caballa

mackerel

cacahuete

peanut

cacao

cacao

cacerola [olla]

pan

café

coffee

calabacín

courgette (UK), zucchini (US)

calabaza

pumpkin

calamar

squid, calamari

caldo

broth

caldo [o jugo de carne]

gravy

calentar

heat [to]

caliente

hot

camarón, gamba

shrimp

campesino

peasant

canela

cinnamon

cangrejo

crab

caracol

snail

caramelo

toffee

carne picada

ground meat

cáscara, piel

zest

casis

black currant

castaña

chestnut

cazuela de barro

clay pot

cazuela, cacerola

casserole pot

cazuela, guisado

casserole

cazuela, olla

cooking pot

cebolla

onion

cebolla de verdeo

spring onion

cebolleta

chive

cebolleta

green onion

centeno

rye

centolla

spider crab

cerámica

china

cerdo

pork

cereal, maíz

corn

cereza

cherry

cerveza

beer

cerveza negra

brown beer

champiñón

champignon, mushroom

chile

chilli

chile picante

hot pepper

chino [colador]

chinois (strainer), conical sieve/strainer

chirimoya

custard apple

chocolate

chocolate

chorizo

chorizo, spicy sausage

chorro

stream

chucrut

sauerkraut

chuleta

chop

chuleta de cerdo

pork chop

cilandro

coriander

ciruela

plum

clara

egg white

clavo  

clove

Coca Cola

Coke

coco

coconut

codorniz

quail

col lombarda

red cabbage

colador

colander

colar

strain [to]

coliflor

cauliflower

colorante

dye

comino

cumin

condimentar [aliñar, aderezar]

season [to]

congelar

freeze [to]

copa

cup

copo

flake

copo de avena

oat flake

cordero

lamb

cortar a la Brunoise

Brunoise cut [to]

cortar a la Macedonia

Macedoine cut [to]

cortar en Juliana

Julienne cut [to]

cortar en rebanadas finas

cut in thin slices

cortar en rebanadas gruesas

cut in thick slices

cortar en/a dados

dice [to], cut into cubes [to]

corte a la Brunoise

Brunoise cut

corte a la Macedonia

Macedoine cut

corte en Juliana

Julienne cut

corteza

crust

costillas

ribs

crème brûlée [tarta de yema quemada]

crème brûlée

cristal

glass

crudo

raw

cuajar [cortar]

curdle [to]

cuchara

spoon

cucharada

tablespoon

cucharadita

teaspoon

cucharón [cazo]

ladle

cupcake [magdalena]

cupcake

cúrcuma

turmeric

curry

curry

 

 

D

 

dar la vuelta

flip [to]

dátil

date

decorar

decorate [to]

descongelar

defrost [to]

deshuesado

boneless

deshuesar

bone [to]

desmoldar

unmold [to]

desnatado/a

skimmed

desperdiciar

waste [to]

diente

clove

diente de ajo

clove of garlic

digestivo

digestive

diluir

dilute [to]

disolver

dissolve [to]

dorar

brown [to]

dulce

sweet

 

 

E

 

echar unas gotas

dribble [to]

edulcorante

sweetener

edulcorar

sweeten [to]

embutido

cold meat (UK) / cold cuts (US)

empanado

breaded

empanar [rebozar]

batter [to]

emplatado

plated

emplatar

plate [to]

en polvo

powdered

en rodajas

sliced

en su punto [al dente]

al dente

en vinagre [en escabeche]

pickled

encurtido

pickle

enebro

juniper

eneldo

dill

enfriar

chill [to]

engrasar

grease [to]

enharinar

flour [to]

enjuagar

rinse [to]

ensalada

salad

entendido

connoisseur

entero/a

whole

escalfado [hervido, cocido en agua]

poached

escalopín [de carne]

fillet

escurrir

drain [to], sloop [to], wring out [to]

espagueti

spaghetti

espárrago

asparagus

especia

spice

espesar

thicken [to]

espinaca

spinach

esponjoso

fluffy

espumoso

foamy

estirar (con rodillo)

roll out [to]

estragón

tarragon

estropeado [en mal estado]

spoiled

esturión

sturgeon

exprimir

press [to], squeeze [to]

extender

spread [to]

 

 

F

 

fideos

noodles

filete [de carne]

fillet steak

filete [de pescado]

fillet

fondant

fondant

frambuesa

raspberry

freiduría de pescado

fried-fish shop

freir

fry [to]

fresa

strawberry

fresco

fresh

frío

cold

frito

fried

fritura

fried food

fruto seco

nut

fuente

platter

fundir [derretir]

melt [to]

 

 

G

 

gamba

prawn

garbanzo

chickpea, garbanzo

gaseoso

fizzy

gelatina [ingrediente]

gelatin

gelatina [postre]

Jell-O or Jello

ginebra

gin

glaseado

glazed

glasear

glaze [to]

gluten

gluten

gourmet

gourmet

granada [fruta]

pomegranate

granos de pimienta

pepper berries

gratinado

au gratin

gratinar

cook au gratin [to]

grosella [pasa]

currant

guarnición

garnish

guarnición de carne

meat trimming

guisado [cocido, estofado, guiso]

stew

guisante

pea

guisar [estofar, cocer, cocinar a fuego lento]

stew [to]

 

 

H

 

haba

broad bean

habichuela [judía]

bean

hacer espuma

foam

hamburguesa

hamburger

harina

flour

harina de repostería

pastry flour

harina de trigo (común)

all purpose flour

hervir

boil [to], seethe [to], simmer [to]

hierba

herb

hígado

liver

higo

fig

hinojo

fennel

hoja de parra

vine leaf

hojas de rúcula

rocket leaves

hornada [tanda]

batch

hornear

bake [to]

horno

oven

hueso (de fruta)

pit

huevo

egg

huevo de codorniz    

quail egg

huevo duro

hard-boiled egg

 

 

I

 

infusión

infusion

integral

whole-wheat

introducir

dredge [to]

 

 

J

 

jamón (cocido)

ham

jamón serrano

Serrano ham

jengibre

ginger

jugo de tomates

passed tomatoes

 

 

K

 

ketchup

ketchup

 

 

L

 

langostino

king shrimp/prawn

lasaña

lasagne

lata

can

laurel

bay leaf

leche entera

whole milk

lechuga

lettuce

lengua

tongue

lenguado

sole

lenteja

lentil

levadura

yeast, leavening

levadura en polvo

baking powder

levístico

lovage

licor

liqueur

licuadora

blender

light [ligero o bajo en grasas]

light

lima

lime

limón

lemon

limonada

lemonade

linaza

linseed, flax

líquido

liquid

lomo

loin

 

 

M

 

machacar [o majar]

pound [to]

maduro

ripe

magro

lean

maicena

cornflour (UK), cornsarch (US)

mandarina

tangerine

manga pastelera

pastry bag

mango

mango

mantel

tablecloth

mantequilla [manteca]

butter

manzana

apple

manzanilla [infusión]

camomile tea (UK), chamomile tea (US)

marinar

marinate [to]

marisco

shellfish

macarrones

macaroni

masa

batter, dough

mayonesa

mayonnaise

mejillón

mussel

melocotón

peach

melón

melon

membrillo

quince (jelly)

menta

mint

menta poleo

mint tea

merengue

meringue

merluza

hake

mermelada

jam

mero

halibut

mezclar

blend [to], scramble [to]

microhondas

microwave

molde

mold (UK), mould (US)

moldear

mold [to] (UK), mould [to] (US)

moler

grind [to]

molido

grinded, mashed

montar

whip [to]

mora

blackberry

morcilla

blood sausage

mostaza

mustard

mostaza de Dijon

Dijon mustard

mover

stir [to]

multiuso

all purpose / all-purpose

muslo

thigh, drumstick

N

 

nabo

turnip

naranja

orange

nata montada

whipped cream

natilla

custard

nectarina

nectarine

níspero

medlar

ñoqui(s)

gnocchi

nuez

walnut

nuez moscada

nutmeg

 

 

O

 

olla

pot

onza

ounce

orégano

oregano

ostra

oyster

 

 

P

 

pan

bread

pan rallado [migas, migajas]

breadcrumbs

papel de cocina

kitchen roll

papilas gustativas

taste buds

partir por la mitad/en dos

halve [to]

pasa

raisin

pasta

pasta

pasta filo

filo/phyllo pastry

patata

potato

patatas bravas

spicy potatoes

patatas fritas [caseras]

french fries

patatas fritas [envasadas]

chips

pavo

turkey

pechuga

breast

pedazo [trozo]

chunk

pelar

peel [to]

pepinillo

gherkin

pepino

cucumber

pepita

nugget

pera

pear

perejil

parsley

perrito caliente

hot dog

pescado azul

oily fish

pescado blanco

white fish

pez espada [emperador]

swordfish

picado [molido, triturado]

ground, minced

picado [troceado, cortado en trozos pequeños]

chopped

picadora

mincer

picar [picotear entre comidas]

snack [to]

picar [trocear, cortar]

chop [to], mince [to]

picota

black cherry

pimentón

bell pepper

pimentón (dulce)

paprika

pimienta

pepper

pimiento

pepper

piña

pineapple

pincho [brocheta]

skewer

pizza

pizza

plástico

plastic

plátano [banana]

banana

plato

dish, plate

plato principal

main course

plegar, doblar

fold [to]

pochar [escalfar]

poach [to]

poco hecho

undercooked, underdone

pollo

chicken

pomelo

grapefruit

poner por encima

top [to]

poner [colocar]

put [to]

postre

dessert

precalentar

preheat [to]

pudin

pudding

puerro

leek

pulpo

octopus

puño

fist

puré de patatas

mashed potatoes

 

 

Q

 

quemado

burnt (UK) / burned (US)

quemar(se)

burn [to]

queso

cheese

queso Cheddar

Cheddar (cheese)

queso de cabra

goat cheese

queso Gouda

Gouda (cheese)

queso rallado

grated cheese

quitar [sacar, retirar]

remove [to]

 

 

R

 

rábano

radish

rallar

grate [to]

ramillete [racimo]

bunch

ramita

sprig

raspar [rallar]

scrape [to]

raviolis

ravioli

rebanada [rodaja, loncha]

slice

recipiente de comida

food container

rehogar

fry lightly [to]

rellenar

stuff [to], fill [to]

relleno

filling, forcemeat

remojar

soak [to]

remolacha

beet

repollo

cabbage

requesón

ricotta, cottage cheese

revuelto

scrambled

riñones

kidneys

robot de cocina

food processor

rociar [espolvorear]

sprinkle [to]

rodillo

rolling pin

rollo

roulade

romero

Rosemary

romper

break [to], tear [to]

ron

rum

rosada [pescado]

kingklip

rosbif

roastbeef

rúcula

rocket

 

 

S

 

sabroso

tasty

sacar [extraer, vaciar]

scoop out [to]

sacarina

saccharine

sal

salt

sal marina

sea salt

salado

salty

salami

salami

salchicha

sausage

salmón

salmon

salsa

sauce

salsa espesa

gravy

saltear

sauté

salvia

sage

sandía

watermelon

sardina

sardine

sartén

frying pan

secar

dry [to]

seco y molido

dried ground

sellar

seal [to]

semidesnatado/a

semi-skimmed

semilla

seed

separar [dividir]

split up [to]

separar [quitar]

detach [to]

sepia [jibia, choco, pota]

cuttlefish

serpiente

snake

servilleta de papel

serviette (UK), napkin (US)

servir

serve [to]

sésamo

sesame

sin alcohol

non-alcoholic

sin espinas

boneless

sin gas

still

sin gluten

gluten free

sirope [almíbar]

syrup

sobre

envelope

soja

soy

solomillo [filete, lomo]

tenderloin

sonrosado

rosy

sopa

soup

soplete de gas

gas torch

sushi

sushi

 

 

T

 

tallarines

tagliatelle

tallo

stalk, stem

tamiz [colador]

sieve

tamizar [colar]

sieve [to]

tapadera

lid, cap

tarta

cake

tártaro

tartar

taza

cup

templado

warm

tempura

tempura

tentempié

snack

ternera

beef

tiburón

shark

tofu

tofu

tomate

tomato

tomate cherry

cherry tomato

tomillo

thyme

toque

touch

torrecilla

turret

tortilla

omelette

tripas

tripe

trozo [pedazo]

piece

trucha

trout

trufa

truffle

tuétano

marrow

 

 

U

 

untar

spread [to], anoint [to]

uva

grape

 

 

V

 

vaciar

empty [to], sloop [to]

vainilla

vanilla

vaporera

steamer

vaso

glass

verduras

vegetables

verter

pour [to]

vieira

scallop

vinagre

vinegar

vino blanco

white wine

vino caliente

mulled wine

vino dulce

dessert wine

vino tinto

red wine

viruta

chip

 

 

W

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Y

 

yema

(egg) yolk

yogur

yogurt/yoghurt

yuca

manioc

 

 

Z

 

zanahoria

carrot

zumaque

sumac

zumo (de frutas), jugo

juice

 

Search for Articles

About Dra. Concepción Mira Rueda

Concepción Mira Rueda

Dra. Concepción Mira Rueda earned her first B.A. in Translation and Interpreting (Spanish-English, German, Italian) in 2005 and her second B.A. in Translation and Interpreting (Spanish-French) in 2011 from Málaga University (Spain). She graduated from the Regional Ministry of Tourism and Trade of the Andalusian Regional Government, (please read the Official bulletin from the Regional Government of Andalusia: BOJA núm. 175, de 8 de septiembre de 2006). She received her Ph.D. in Translation and Interpreting (with high honors) from the University of Málaga in December 2008. Her thesis is entitled 

El discurso turístico en inglés y en español: su tratamiento lexicográfico (Study of the Language of Tourism in English and Spanish: their Lexicographic Treatment) 

In 2009, she graduated from Euroeditions (European Foundation for Information Society and e-Government). She has published many articles, reviews and glossaries, in the five different languages that she speaks, translates and interpretes: Spanish (A Language), English and French (B Languages), German and Italian (C Languages), in renowned national and international journals. She combines her work as a foreign languages teacher in Higher Education with translating and researching 

She can be contacted at: mirarc@uma.es or concepcion.mira@gmail.com.

Grammarly Writing Support 

Log in

Log in